Why is Nicotine Addictive?

Why is Nicotine Addictive and How the Addiction Grows?



Smokers as well as health experts across the globe share a few questions about Nicotine in common. One question is that: ‘why nicotine is addictive?’ and the other is: ‘how addictive is nicotine’. Considering the troubles that a smoker faces during his attempts to quit smoking, the aspect of nicotine addiction gets established, without the scopes of any debate. Paragraphs underneath shall discuss why is nicotine addictive and throw light on topics like nicotine gum addiction.

 

Is Nicotine Really Addictive?

Before getting into the question, why is nicotine addictive, it is important to figure out, if it really creates an addiction. As far the aspect of nicotine addiction is concerned, it has already been proved scientifically, and these days, people are aware of the fact that consumption of nicotine develops a dependence that paves the way towards nicotine addiction.

Why is Nicotine AddictiveAs Nicotine enters the body, it stimulates the brain in a manner that you feel calm and pleasant. This feel-good factor creates a block for dependence on nicotine, eventually paving the way for nicotine addiction. In this regard, keep in mind that such addictions can grow from one looking to puff cigarettes, inhaling the E-Cig as well as for consumption of Nicotine gums and strips.

 

How Addictive is Nicotine?

Discussing about the point, why is nicotine addictive, you need to have a clear idea about the mechanism of nicotine addiction. After ample of research conducted on Nicotine addiction, it has been found that this agent stimulates the human brain for producing several effects. Thus, the primary task will be to explore the pathways for development of a dependence to nicotine.



The circuit of the human brain controls the pleasure feeling. The key chemical involved in controlling the human desire for the consumption of drugs is Domapine. It has been found that with increased intake of nicotine, the level of this chemical enhances in the reward circuit. This is exactly similar to the manner that works in instances of substance abuse. For the majority of the tobacco consumers, it is basically the seamless exposure to nicotine that eventually results in Nicotine addiction.

In addition, the Pharmokinetic attributes of nicotine enhances the potential of its abuse. With puffing, the brain receives a blast of nicotine and research shows that it just takes 10 seconds from the time of inhalation to reach to the optimum level. But, nicotine’s acute level dissipates fast and triggers the feeling of calmness. This influences the nicotine consumers to carry on the consumption for maintaining the pleasurable feeling and stop the withdrawal.

In this regard, it will make sense to refer to the work of M. J.Jarvis and I.P. Stolerman, in a case study titled as “The scientific Case that nicotine is addictive”, made in the year 1994. In this study, the authors considered several lines on nicotine addiction on human as well as on animals.
The manner of use by nicotine consumers as well as the notable intractability of the habit of smoking established the fact that constant exposure to nicotine created a dependence that trigger nicotine addiction. This paper, dealing with the question, why is nicotine addictive, eventually comes to the conclusion that it is basically the feeling of pleasure and the fear of withdrawal that triggers consumers to continue with the constant nicotine intake. The researchers also analyzed the mechanism for substance abuse and to the surprised finding, it was exactly identical to the pathway for nicotine addiction.

Thus, it will be right to conclude that nicotine addiction is basically the outcome of the constant intake of it that develops a feeling of dependence for maintaining a calm a pleasant state of mind.

 

Nicotine Gum Addiction:

How it works:

Why is Nicotine Gum AddictiveYou should not conclude that nicotine addiction can grow from smoking or form consumption of other tobacco-based products, while the nicotine gums are fairly safe. On the contrary, nicotine gum addiction is one of the topics that is discussed widely across the globe. Smokers, after quitting the habit of smoking cigarettes, start the intake of these gums to satisfy the craving for nicotine. This way, they fall into the traps of addiction of nicotine in another way.

The paragraphs above that has discussed about why is nicotine addictive and how addictive is nicotine, has already accounted the reasons for the development of addiction towards the nicotine gum. Keep in mind that the development of nicotine addiction is solely due to the constant supply of nicotine to the brain that develops a dependence on it to maintain the feel-good feeling. Research suggests that these products contain nicotine in such volumes that is sufficient to trigger Nicotine High that gives a false impression about mental calmness. The consumer continues to intake nicotine gums, driven by that dependence. Eventually, the nicotine addiction gets to such extent that it becomes impossible for them to quit the habit of consuming these gums.



The work by M.A.H Russel, in a case study titled: “The Nicotine Addiction trap”, documented in the year 1990, explains how continuous nicotine consumption paves the way towards dependence. As per this study, starting from smoking 3 to 4 times in a day, a smoker is triggered to seek for more enjoyment and fun that makes him to enhance the extent of smoking, eventually falling into the trap of addiction, and showing exactly why is nicotine addictive. In the same manner, as you go on taking the nicotine gums, you will ultimately reach a state, wherein these items will become an indispensable part of person.

Thus, if you let the craving for nicotine to grow in an uncontrolled manner, the only outcome is that you will end up with nicotine addiction. Therefore, if you have managed to quit smoking, try not to get back into its traps, by getting hooked to nicotine gums. Likewise, if you have started consumption of nicotine gums, with no history of smoking,  then do be aware of the nicotine pull which could easily lead one to start smoking.

If you have to win over nicotine addiction, the only way is to quit the intake of nicotine in all the probable forms. You simply need to stop the supply of nicotine to the brain that will enable you to overcome this deadly habit.

 

References:

Case study: Nicotine addiction trap
Addiction Journal
By: M. A. H. RUSSELL
Published: 1990
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1360-0443.1990.tb03085.x/full
 
Case study: Scientific case that nicotine is addictive
Psychopharmacology Journal
By: I. P. Stolerman and M. J. Jarvis
Published: 1995
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF02245088?LI=true
 
Nicotine Addiction and Prevention
Book By: Giuseppe Di Giovanni
Published: 2012
 
Nicotine Addiction – Principles and Management
Book By: C. Tracy Orleans and ‎John D. Slade
Published: 1993
 
Cigarettes, Nicotine, & Health
Book By: Lynn T. Kozlowski, ‎Jack E. Henningfield and ‎Janet Brigham
Published: 2001
 
The Addicted Brain
Book By: Michael J. Kuhar
Published: 2012

 

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