There are many known disadvantages of smoking, as it is the root cause for many of the health disorders that a smoker is exposed to. The ingredients that make up the smoke from tobacco contain many deadly and dangerous active chemicals. They activate many changes in the body that drastically reduces your level of wellness. The major portion of smoke is made of tar, carbon mono-oxide, hydrogen cyanide, ammonia and traces of radio active compounds. These are high potential chemicals that have the capability to give adverse effects on the overall health of the smoker. Due to all these you can understand all the disadvantages of smoking cigarettes so that you refrain from smoking and if you are already a smoker plan for quit smoking at the earliest.
When you want to know the disadvantages of smoking you have many resources both online and offline, and you can easily know the dangerous effects of smoking. You have to understand that regular smoking of cigarettes leads to constriction of the air passage due to the deposit of tar in the smoke and your body will be deprived of full air flow bringing down the overall metabolism of the body because of the lack of oxygen. Besides this, smoking also causes increased heart rate and rise in blood pressure.
Apart from these short term problems, smoking of tobacco also causes lots of long term effects and some of the most important disadvantages of smoking are as follows:
Long time smokers face the risk of getting lung cancer. In case of heavy smokers the risk of having lung cancer increases by ten times due to the constant deposit of tar inside the lungs. Due to this it is common to see that at least ten times more deaths due to lung cancer happen among smokers than in non- smokers.
Emphysema and other respiratory diseases are very common to heavy smokers. When you smoke too much the toxins contained in the tobacco smoke causes a serious condition called as emphysema. Those who have this illness find that their lungs are seriously affected and virtually rotting while they are living, and they face all types of respiratory problems. They are always short of breath and find difficulty in doing their day to day tasks. Bronchitis comes to them very often and this ultimately leads to lung and heart failure. These smokers often die a very painful death.
Yet another of the smoking disadvantages is the higher risk of laryngeal and oral cancer.
Smoking is also responsible for increasing the risk of contracting heart disease and heart attacks. This is due to the presence of nicotine and carbon monoxide, which causes increased blood pressure and more labour and strain to your heart and its related blood vessels.
Smoking also causes increased risk of stroke and poor circulation; this is due to the dilation of the blood vessels as the nicotine and carbon monoxide present in the tobacco smoke causes more fat deposits reducing the volume of the blood capillaries reducing or altogether cutting supply of blood to the limbs. This increases the risk of dilated blood vessels on the extremes leading to lack of blood flow to the hands and legs and in chronic cases may lead to amputation of arms or legs.
Due to the deposit of tar in the lungs the breathing mechanism collapses denying sufficient oxygen to the tissues resulting in premature death.
In the case of a heavy smoker, the constant entry of nicotine, tar and carbon monoxide block the entry of oxygen into your body by restricting the air passage and blocking the absorption of oxygen by the lungs. Due to this the smoker faces the loss of oxygen in the muscles, tissues and brain cells leading to loss of muscle mass, inability in the motor functions of the body, and premature death of cells making the smoker experience accelerated ageing.
Causes foetal tobacco syndrome– this is caused to pregnant women who have the habit of smoking heavily and this is injurious to the health of both the mother and child. In severe cases this syndrome causes children to be born with lesser body weight, premature births and still births, spontaneous abortion, and pre-natal fatalities.
Thus, the disadvantages of smoking cigarettes are too many and if you want to lead a healthy life it is better to avoid smoking as a habit. In case you are addicted to tobacco smoking, you must take immediate steps to quit smoking. The severity of the problems and the smoking disadvantages can be inferred from the fact that smoking alone kills more than 400,000 people every year in USA alone.
You must not forget the fact that one in two of the habitual heavy smokers are sure to die because of their smoking and out of these, half of the smokers who die due to smoking will be in their middle ages. This alone is a major disadvantage of smoking, and it is necessary to come out of the addiction to nicotine to save yourself from premature death and loss of support and earning to your family.
How Nicotine Dependence paves the way for Intense Addiction to Nicotine Items?
Nicotine Dependence, alternatively known as Tobacco-use disorder, happens to be a state that involves the consumer of nicotine based products to highly depend upon Nicotine. A few of the methodologies to evaluate this dependence concentrates on the outcomes of physical dependences like the development of a type of tolerance that drives smokers to smoke excessively. Other evaluation methods involve the underlying mechanisms of such dependence.
In today’s time, dependence on Nicotine has turned to a major concern among the special groups like the ones, suffering from mental traumas. Several diagnostic and treatment methodologies have evolved and it includes the medical as well as psychological interventions, capable to enhance the chances for the consumers of nicotine products to refrain from such habits.
How is Dependence to Nicotine Diagnosed?
Nicotine dependence happens to be an intricate process and hence, its evaluation is hard to make. So far this assessment in concerned, the entire process majorly depends on the approach that the evaluator is taking towards the evaluation process and the purpose. Though, there are differences between addiction and dependence on Nicotine, however, in the majority of instances, the evaluation produces the outcome that, something that is held as addiction, is actually the dependence on Nicotine. Hence, both these terms are used interchangeably.
For example, it is possible that someone comes up with a restricted description about this dependence, focusing on the aspects of physical dependence that majorly refers to the change in the human brain, triggered by heavy smoking. In such instances, the evaluation methodology will revolve around one-fold attempt. Alternatively, it is like that one might like to cover other aspects like the cue influence of the environment that is referred to smoking in contemporary times and triggers a smoker to smoke more frequently and in higher extent. These aspects are typically related to addiction, however, gets included in the methods to determine the extent of dependence on Nicotine. In a nutshell, the probable evaluation methodologies include clinical evaluation, physical assessment as well as the multidimensional evaluation.
It is the Dependence on Nicotine that intensifies the urge for consuming Nicotine Products?
If put in a straightforward manner, it is nicotine dependence that makes the consumers of nicotine products seek for those items more frequently and to higher extents. As nicotine reaches the brain, it triggers such reaction that secretes dopamine and it creates a feel-good factor in the mental plane of the consumer. This drives them beyond the intensification of addiction.
Neal J Rojas and team conducted a research on adolescent smokers to determine the correlation between nicotine tobacco dependence and symptoms associated with the attempts to quit smoking. The team tested around 2200 adolescents smokers, studying in the 10th standard and to their finding, a significant extent, of dependence to nicotine was observed in all those students who are regular smokers.
Thus, it is the dependence on nicotine that develops the addiction towards Nicotine items and drives the consumers to smoke or consume Nicotine gums, patches and similar other products in excessively higher extent.
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Smoking Cessation
Book By: Kenneth A. Perkins, Cynthia A. Conklin and Michele D. Levine
Tobacco and Public Health
Book By: Peter Boyle
Smoking – 201 Reasons to Quit
Book By: Muriel L. Crawford
Tobacco & Health
Book By: K. Slama
Case study: Nicotine Dependence Among Adolescent Smokers
By: Neal L, Joel D. Killen and K. Farish Haydel
Case study: A variant associated with nicotine dependence
By: Thorgeir E. Thorgeirsson, Frank Geller and Kari Stefansson
Year: 2008 https://www.nature.com/articles/nature06846
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